Where the human factor and technology interconnect the right technical skills make all the difference. Skilled engineers and specialists understand the architectures of enterprise and ICS systems, networks and the strengths and weaknesses of hardware and software (code). Proven experience in incident response, IPS/IDS, SIEM, cryptography, malware analysis, tool development, reverse engineering, redteaming and penetration testing amongst many others sets these technical professionals apart. They are well-versed in different programming and scripting languages and widely available tools such as Nmap, Wireshark, Metasploit, Armitage, Burp Suite, Snort, Arcsight, Olly, Nessus, Cain, FTK, EnCase.

Relevant certifications include

• Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)
• Offensive Security Exploitation Expert (OSEE)
• Offensive Security Certified Expert (OSCE)
• Global Information Assurance Certification Penetration Tester (GPEN – GIAC)
• Web Application Penetration Testing (GWAPT – GIAC)
• Exploit Researcher and Advanced Penetration Tester (GXPN – GIAC)
• Network Forensic Analyst (GNFA – GIAC)
• Reverse Engineering Malware (GREM – GIAC)
• Certified Incident Handler (GCIH – GIAC)
• Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA – GIAC)
• Certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA – GIAC)
• CREST Certified Tester (CREST – CHECK)
• EnCase Certified Examiner (EnCE)
• Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
• Information Systems Security Architect Professional (ISSAP – ISC2)

Relevant job titles

• Penetration Tester
• Ethical Hacker
• Computer Forensic Analyst
• Information Assurance Architect
• Cryptologist/ Cryptanalyst
• Malware Reverse Engineer
• Incident Response Specialist
• Security Operations Centre Specialist
• Application Penetration Tester
• Information Security Researcher
• Research & Development Engineer

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